Old Town Square (Staroměstské náměstí)

This huge square is the very heart of the Old Town, which began to be born on the right bank of the Vltava river already in medieval times. By here passed the major trade routes, trade developed very soon, and the city was growing and increasing in extent, and also in importance. The most important monuments, in the square, that we see are: The Old Town Hall (began to be built after 1338), the Church of St. Nicholas of the Old Town (work of the famous Czech Baroque architect Kilian Ignac Dienzenhoffer, finished in just 3 years - 1752 - 1755), the Church of Our Lady before Týn (Gothic masterpiece of the fourteenth century, whose two towers 80 meters high are typical for Prague and without them the panorama of Prague would not be complete, the Bell Stone House, in the middle of the square, there is the monument to Jan Hus, rector and professor at Charles University and also a preacher in the Church of Our Lady before Tyn in the fourteenth century, this work was built, in 1915, for the 500th anniversary of his tragic death in 1415). We should also mention the street we can see from this square - the street is Pařížská, with many buildings and houses built in the style of the late nineteenth century - Art Nouveau. In this street, you can find, nowadays, many shops of international brands such as Dior, Cartier, Lacoste, Fabergé, Louis Vuiton and many others. We can say, then, with a little exaggeration, that this is our little Champs Elysée. In the middle of this street, on the left, there begins the historic Jewish Town, with its monuments, synagogues, and also with the Old Jewish Cemetery.